Validating a dance specific screening test for balance college students and online dating
Since the interaction of balance and visuomotor reaction time may be a key feature in attaining successful sports performance and injury prevention, it was expedient to merge the constructs ‘balance’, ‘environmental perception’ and ‘visuomotor reaction time’ in a clinician-friendly functional test.
Therefore, the goal of this paper was to describe the development of a test protocol for a reactive balance test incorporating environmental perception, decision-making and visuomotor reaction time.] was used to systematically describe the development of the reactive balance test (RBT).
Nevertheless, balance tests are commonly used in the assessment of ankle and knee injury prevention and return to sport decisions in clinical practice . (2013) illustrated that reacting to a non-planned stimulus is of great importance in sports.
They stated that the key driver for effective sporting performance and injury prevention is the athlete’s ability to adapt his or her responses under a comprehensive variety of conditions .
Therefore, the goal of this paper was to develop a clinician-friendly test that respects these contextual interactions and to describe the test protocol of an adapted Y-balance test that includes environmental perception and decision-making.
Within the theoretical construct of balance and adaptability, balance errors were selected as outcome measures for balance ability and, visuomotor reaction time and accuracy are selected as outcome measures for adaptability.
This implied the need to implement a visuomotor task (VMT) involving uncertainty and decision-making to integrate the broad spectrum of possible responses in the RBT.
Adaptability in this context requires signal processing and decision-making in the form of cognitive demands, coupled to motor execution, which can be objectified by the visuomotor reaction time .
Balance can be objectively measured by either reach distance (e.g.
This implied a stepwise description of the 1) definitions and exploration throughout the theoretical constructs of balance and adaptability, followed by the 2) development of test items which lead to the creation of the final test protocol.
Despite the widespread use of the term balance, no unanimous consensus exists on its definition.
This makes the applicability of the outcomes of pre-planned balance tests to open skilled sports (e.g.
tennis, football) low, given that static tests neglect the importance of balance in its inherent relation with being able to react to a changing environment.
It is often associated or misinterpreted with concepts like stability, equilibrium or postural control .